South Caucasus: Spaces. Histories. People.

This volume contains a collection of papers presenting the individual research of young social scientists from Azerbaijan, Armenia, and Georgia. The projects were carried out in 2005, within the framework of a scholarship programme run by the South Caucasus Regional Office of the Heinrich Boell Foundation.

The authors have taken interdisciplinary approaches to subjects that are of fundamental importance for the understanding of social and political processes in the societies of the South Caucasus, but which are hardly touched upon in public debate, or even fall into the realm of taboo to some extent. And yet anyone who attempts to foster social modernization and democratization in this region has to take a critical look at these very themes at some point.

The articles in the first section of the book – ‘One’s own people’ and ‘strangers’: history, ethnicity, and present-day life’ – deal historically and sociologically with the changes in concepts of religious, ethnic, and national identity in the societies of the South Caucasus that took place during the 20th century. They investigate the shifts in the meaning of ethnic identity, the function and operation of stereotypes, the development of subcultures, the roles the various religions play in the state and the society, as well as the significance that historiography and literature have for the construction of identities and nationalistic discourse in the region’s post-Soviet societies.

The second section ‘Informal practices within the bodies of power’ – deals with the forms of the informal exercise of power and with the informal regulation of access to power. These informal patterns are often far more potent than officially proclaimed and legalized forms of power. Informal networks, informal communication, and the admission or exclusion of women to or from certain positions of power all play an important role in this respect.

The papers in the third section ‘Gender research’ – look at the history and the development of the women’s movement, socio-political involvement of women in presentday rural communities, as well as the transformation of gender roles in the context of changing power distribution within the family.

The papers in the fourth section‘Urban studies and planning’ – are devoted primarily to practical questions concerning the sustainable, environmentally sound development of various South Caucasian cities. They deal with concrete environmental and infrastructure problems affecting urban centres and with the historical and cultural development potentials of cities and resort areas. Hopefully, these papers will contribute to raising the profile of a discipline that is still very little known in the region: urban studies, the scientific study of the highly complex phenomenon of the city.

The Heinrich Boll Foundation’s Regional Scholarship Programme for the South Caucasus has two major objectives:

  • It hopes to encourage young researchers to take on interdisciplinary, individual research projects and to contribute to the renewal of the social sciences in the region through the use of innovative research methods.
  • It seeks to construct a cross-border network of young, highly qualified specialists that can serve as a framework within which cross-border projects in the field of sociopolitical education and social science research can be carried out.

The editors hope that this volume, which is already the second, will provide interesting information not just to a specialized public, but to anyone interested in the political and social developments in the South Caucasus or involved in civil society initiatives. We also hope that this publication will create doorways to the international scientific ‘community’ for these young scientists and, by doing so, encourage the process of opening up South Caucasian societies to the international exchange of ideas and opinions.

We would like to express our sincere gratitude to all of the experts in and outside of the South Caucasus who are guiding and supporting our scholarship programme with their scientific expertise and personal commitment.

Tbilisi, July 2006
South Caucasus Regional Office of the Heinrich Boell Foundation

Walter Kaufmann, Director
Nino Lejava, Scholarship Programme Coordinator


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Грант Тер-Абраамян

Ереванская городская среда и инакомыслие 13

Акоп Акопян

Некоторые характеристики развития рок-движения в Армении 38

Ильгам Аббасов

«Национальная история» в средних учебных заведениях вконтексте образа «исторического врага»  62

Сурен Манукян

Возникновение националистического дискурса и подпольного движения в Армении в начале 1960-х годов 81

Лейла Сайфутдинова

Армяне в азербайджанской художественной литературе: межгрупповая граница, факторы ее усиления и ослабления 93

Севиль Гусейнова

Бакинские армяне: этническая идентичность в контексте повседневности 106

Анна Челидзе

Этнический национализм в духовенстве Грузинской Православной Церкви 132

Айсель Везирова

Хиджаб в большом городе: современная дискуссия о единстве, свободе и головных платках в Азербайджане 148

Иа Цулая

Быть кистинцем: между грузинами и чеченцами 169

Арсен Акопян

Tатоязычныe армянe: 15 веков от «армянства» к «армянству»  190



Конструированиевластичерез неформальныепрактики 213

Тамар Чарквиани

Неформальные трудовые практики на государственной службе 234


Хатуна Гварадзе

О характере женского движения в Грузии (конец XIX – начало XX века) 253

Анна Папян

Общественно-политическая активность женщин в современных сельских общинах в Армении 268

Екатерина Пирцхалава

Трансформации гендерных ролей и их влияние на распределение власти в семье 293


Заруи Амирагян

Историко-культурныйпотенциал районаКонд в контексте социально-экономических и градостроительныхизменений 309

Тамара Хоштариа

Функционально-планировочное развитие курортов Боржомского района 324

Манана Гедеванишвили

Состояние системы зеленых территорий г. Тбилиси и возможности ее развития 343


Hrant Ter-Abrahamyan

Yerevan Urban Milieu and Dissent 365

Hakob Hakobyan

Some Features of the Development of the Rock Movement in Armenia 366

Ilham Abbasov

National History in Secondary Schools in the Context of the Image of «Historical Enemy»  367

Suren Manukyan

The Genesis of Nationalist Discourse in Soviet Armenia at the Beginning of the 1960’s: The Rise of Underground Groups 369

Leyla Sayfutdinova

Armenians inAzeri Fiction Literature: IntergroupBoundary and the Factors of its Strengthening/Weakening  371

Sevil Huseynova

Agents of Reproduction of Ethnicity in the Context of theAura of Fatality of Nationality  373

Ana Chelidze

Ethnic Nationalism in Georgian Orthodox Clergy 375

Aysel Vazirova

Hijab in a City: Modern Discussion on Unity, Freedom and Headscarves in Azerbaijan 377

Ia Tsulaia

Past, Present and Future of Kist Identity 379

Arsen Hakobyan

Tat-speaking Armenians: 15 centuries from «Armenianhood» to «Armenianhood»  380

Diana Ter-Stepanyan

Construction of Power through Informal Practices  383

Tamar Charkviani

Informal Labour Relations in Governmental Institutions  385

Khatuna Gvaradze

Characteristics of the Women’s Movement at the end of 19th and the beginning of 20th century in Georgia  387

Anna Papyan

Political and public activity of women in rural communities of Armenia  389

Ekaterina Pirtskhalava

Transformation of Gender Roles and Their Influence on Power Distribution in the Family 391

Zaruhi Amiraghyan

District of Kond: Historical and Cultural Capacities and Its Place in the Contemporary Social-Economic and Urban-Planning Changes 393

Manana Gedevanishvili

Research of the Tbilisi landscaping systemand opportunities for its development 395

Tamara Khoshtaria

Functional Planning Development of Health Resorts in the Borjomi District 397